Mental Retardation

Mental retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. Mental retardation (MR) is a developmental problem manifested during a child’s years of development (i.e. 0-18 years old). It is a condition whereby a child’s intelligence and adaptability are significantly below the average level of his peers.

Causes of mental retardation in children

  • Genetic factors such as chromosomal abnormalities
  • Hereditary factors or chromosomal abnormalities
  • Pregnancy and birth factors, e.g. misuse of drugs or excessive alcohol in take during pregnancy, complication of birth, prematurity Infancy and childhood
  • Infections and brain injuries, e.g. meningitis, brain trauma, etc.
  • The cause in most cases is unknown

Associated conditions / Clinical manifestations

  • Developmental delays in language acquisition, social development, and motor skills
  • Seizures
  • Gross and fine motor coordination
  • Learning and problem-solving abilities
  • Maladaptive behaviors
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder